Wednesday, November 2, 2011

Synthetic blood could be created before 2015

A team of researchers from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, is working on a similar material to red blood cells. The synthetic blood could begin to run into some veins before 2015.

Scottish researchers have been experimenting with stem cells taken from bone marrow of healthy donors, with the goal of creating an artificial alternative to red blood cells.

The investigation also includes the development of an artificial version of the protein that carries oxygen in the blood (hemoglobin).

According to the British version of Wired, researchers are concentrating efforts in the production of synthetic blood type O-negative to be compatible with 98% of humanity.

The mentors of the project believe that the first human trials can be made even before 2015, but note that the synthetic blood should only be used in situations where there is a shortage of "natural blood."

The same researchers believe that over the next decade, the artificial blood can generalize at hospitals and clinics.

Although you can not fully replace the "natural blood," the synthetic blood has the advantage of not serve as a vehicle transmitter of diseases such as HIV or hepatitis.